Arsenic and iron in water: 30,000 rural habitations affected, 20,000 in two states

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News:Ministry of Jal Shakti has tabled the data on water contamination in the Parliament.

Facts:

Key takeaways from the data:

  • As of November 27,2019, 3.22% of the rural habitations across all states and UTs which accounts for 3.73% of the population were consuming drinking water with quality issues.
  • Iron is the most common contaminant of drinking water followed by salinity, arsenic, fluoride and heavy metal.
  • Rajasthan has the highest number of rural habitations affected by contamination overall.Most of these are affected by salinity in drinking water.
  • West Bengal has the highest number of rural habitations affected by arsenic contamination followed by Assam.
  • Further,Assam has the highest number of rural habitations affected by iron contamination followed by West Bengal.
  • The States and UTs that are not affected by any of these contaminants include Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Puducherry, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu.

Additional information:

About Jal Jeevan Mission:

  • Jal Jeevan Mission seeks to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections (HarGharJal) to all rural households by 2024. 
  • The mission is being implemented by the Jal Shakti Ministry.
  • The Mission focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
  • It implements source sustainability measures recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.
  • The Mission also seeks to converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across India.