At 17.5 million, Indian diaspora largest in the world: UN report

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News:The International Organisation for Migration has released the Global Migration Report 2020.

Facts:

About Global Migration Report:

  • Global Migration Report is International Organisation for Migration’s (IOM) flagship publication.
  • It features trends in international migration, discusses emerging policy issues and provides regional recent developments in Africa, America, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Oceania.

Key takeaways from the report:

  • The number of international migrants globally in 2019 were around 272 million which is 3.5% of the world’s population.
  • India had the largest number of migrants living abroad (17.5 million), followed by Mexico and China (11.8 million and 10.7 million respectively).
  • The top destination country remained the United States with 50.7 million international migrants.
  • The top 3 remittance recipients were India (USD 78.6 billion), China (USD 67.4 billion) and Mexico (USD 35.7 billion).
  • The United States remained the top remittance-sending country (USD 68.0 billion) followed by the United Arab Emirates (USD 44.4 billion) and Saudi Arabia (USD 36.1 billion).
  • Between 2013 and 2017,high-income countries experienced a slight drop in migrant workers.But upper middle-income countries observed the biggest increase.
  • The number of internally displaced persons due to violence and conflict has reached 41.3 million.
  • Syria had the highest number of people displaced, followed by Colombia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Bangladesh had the largest number of stateless persons followed by Côte d’Ivoire and Myanmar.

Additional information:

About International Organisation for Migration(IOM): 

  • International Organisation for Migration(IOM) is an intergovernmental organization established in 1951.It is headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland.
  • It provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.
  • It was initially established as the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II.
  • In September 2016,IOM became a related organization of the United Nations.
  • Currently,it consists of 173 member states with eight states holding observer status.