- China has excluded the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor(BCIM) from the list of projects covered under its Belt and Road initiative(BRI).According to experts,BCIM was excluded after India had turned down an official invite from China to attend the second Belt and Road Forum meet.
- Under the BRI, South Asia is covered by three major projects namely (a)China-Myanmar Economic Corridor (CMEC) (b)Nepal-China Trans-Himalayan Multi-dimensional Connectivity Network and (c)China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
- BCIM is one of the corridors of the Belt and Road project.It aims to connect China’s eastern city of Kunming with India’s Kolkata through Dhaka in Bangladesh and Mandalay in Myanmar.
- India has not opposed the BCIM corridor but it has concerns about China expanding its influence in its eastern neighbouring countries.It also fears the project would open its northeastern region to China.
- The China-Myanmar Economic Corridor(CMEC) will run from Yunnan Province of China to Mandalay in Central Myanmar.From there it will head towards Yangon before terminating at the Kyaukpyu Special Economic Zone (SEZ) on the Bay of Bengal.
- Nepal-China Trans-Himalayan connectivity network will start from Chengdu from where it is linked to Tibet by the Sichuan-Tibet Highway.It is proposed that the railway from Tibet will be further extended to Kathmandu. Further,China has also planned that railway will then be connected with the Indian railway network linking China and India across the Himalayas.
- CPEC refers to a number of major infrastructure works currently under way in Pakistan intended to link Kashgar in China’s Xinjiang province to Gwadar deep sea port close to Pakistan’s border with Iran.The project seeks to expand and upgrade infrastructure across the length and breadth of Pakistan.
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