- According to ‘The World Population Prospects 2019’ published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027.
- India is expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050 and will remain the most populated country through the end of the current century.
- China, with 1.43 billion people in 2019, and India, with 1.37 billion, are the two most populous countries of the world, comprising 19% and 18%, respectively, of the global total in 2019.
- The report further states that the world’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.
- Half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just nine countries.
- India is expected to remain the world’s most populous country with nearly 1.5 billion inhabitants, followed by China (1.1 billion), Nigeria (733 million), the United States (434 million), and Pakistan (403 million).
- The report has further said that in 2019, around 40% of the world’s population lives in intermediate-fertility countries, where women have on average between 2.1 and four births over a lifetime. Examples: India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Mexico, the Philippines and Egypt
- The report has confirmed that the world’s population is growing older due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels. It has projected that by 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65 (16%), up from one in 11 in 2019 (9%)
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