Chief Vigilance Commissioner(CVC)

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News:The Prime Minister led panel has appointed Sanjay Kothari as the next Chief Vigilance Commissioner(CVC).

Facts:

About CVC:

  • The Central Vigilance Commission is the apex vigilance institution set up by the Government in 1964 on the recommendations Shri K. Santhanam committee,
  • It was accorded the status of independent statutory authority through the Central Vigilance Commission Act,2003.
  • It is an independent body which is only responsible to the Parliament.

Composition:

  • It is a multi-member Commission consisting of a Central Vigilance Commissioner(Chairperson) and not more than 2 Vigilance Commissioners(Member).
  • They are appointed by the President on the recommendations of a Committee consisting of the Prime Minister (Chairperson), the Minister of Home Affairs (Member) and the Leader of the Opposition in the House of the People (Member).
  • The term of office is 4 years or 65 years whichever is earlier.

Removal:

  • The CVC or vigilance commissioners can be removed from the office by the President on the grounds of proved misbehavior or incapacity but only after the Supreme Court has held an inquiry into his case and recommended action against him.