- The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has released the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2019.The report assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.
- The report has found that the worldwide total of nuclear warheads has decreased since 2018 but countries are modernising their nuclear arsenals.
- The report says that at the start of 2019,countries such as the United States, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea had a total of some 13,865 nuclear weapons with a decrease of 600 from previous year.
- The decrease in the overall number of nuclear weapons is due to mainly Russia and the USA which together still account for over 90% of all nuclear weapons.
- This reduction was partly a result of the New START treaty that was signed between the United States and the Russian Federation in 2010 which puts a cap on the number of deployed warheads as well as getting rid of obsolete warheads from the Cold War era.
- However,there is a concern on the future of treaty as it will expire in 2021 and there is no serious discussion on its extension.
- Further,the report says that China, India and Pakistan are increasing the size of their nuclear arsenals.For India,it gives a figure of 130-140 other warheads in 2019, the same as in 2018.
- SIPRI is an international institute based in Sweden dedicated to research into (a)conflict (b)armaments (c)arms control and (d) disarmament.It provides data analysis and recommendations based on open source to policymakers,researchers,media and the interested public.
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