Explained: What is Goldschmidtite?

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News:A new mineral has been discovered inside a diamond unearthed from a mine in South Africa.

Facts:

  • The mineral has been found in Earth’s Mantle (A part of the Interior of the Earth) which covers 80% of earth’s volume.
  • It has high concentrations of niobium, potassium and the rare earth elements lanthanum and cerium.
  • The found single grain is dark green in colour and opaque.
  • The mineral has been named after the Norwegian scientist Victor Moritz Goldschmidt who is considered as the founder of Modern Geochemist.

Additional information:

Interior of the Earth:The earth interior is generally classified into three layers: 

  • Crust which is the outermost layer of the earth
  • Mantle which lies between the crust and the core and is divided into upper and lower mantle
  • Core which is the deepest zone of the earth which is again divided into the outer and inner core.