India calls for reforms in peacekeeping at UNSC debate

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News:India has asked the UN Security Council to reform the UN peacekeeping by adopting reforms based on incentivisation, innovation and institutionalisation.

Facts:

United Nations Peacekeeping:

  • United Nations Peacekeeping was created in 1948.United Nations Peacekeeping helps countries torn by conflict create conditions for lasting peace.
  • It maintains three basic principles which are (a)Consent of the parties (b) impartiality and non-use of Force except in self-defence and (c)defence of the mandate.
  • The UN Peacekeepers are led by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations(DKPO).
  • UN Peacekeepers are often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets.
  • The Peacekeeping forces are contributed by the United Nations(UN) member states on a voluntary basis.
  • India,Pakistan and Bangladesh are among the largest individual contributors.African nations also contributes nearly half the peacekeeping force.

Additional information:

About United Nations Security Council(UNSC):

  • The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
  • The Security Council consists of fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom,France,China and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members.
  • The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members elected on a regional basis to serve two-year term.