- India was among 116 nations to vote in favour of a UN General Assembly resolution on “Advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legal consequences of the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965”.
- The resolution demanded that the UK should withdraw its colonial administration from the Chagos Archipelago unconditionally within six months enabling Mauritius to complete the decolonization of its territory as rapidly as possible.
- The resolution has also welcomed the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice(ICJ).The ICJ has ruled that the UK should hand over the administration of the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean to Mauritius in order to legally complete its decolonisation.
- The British government had ruled Mauritius from 1810 to 1968.But,under an agreement struck in 1965, in return for compensation to Mauritius and fishing rights, Britain has maintained control of the Chagos islands.It has continued to do so despite efforts by Mauritius to regain control and UN resolutions requiring it to complete the decolonisation of Mauritius.
- The UN General Assembly in 2017 had adopted a resolution presented by Mauritius and backed by African countries asking the ICJ to offer legal advice on the island fate and the legality of the deportations.
- The Chagos Islands are home to the U.S. military base of Diego Garcia, under lease from the United Kingdom since the 1960s.
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