Indian Penal Code

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News:The Central Government has constituted two committees comprising legal luminaries to overhaul the Indian Penal Code (IPC) introduced by the British in 1860.

Facts:

About Indian Penal Code,1860:

  • The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India.It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law.
  • The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay. 
  • The Code was passed into law in 1860.The Code came into operation in 1862.
  • The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

Why reforms are needed in IPC?

  • The revamping of the code introduced by the British in 1860 is necessary as it is primarily based on the spirit of master and servant.
  • The complete overhaul is needed as IPC has never been amended in totality after it has been framed.Only some additions and deletions have been made..
  • There is uneven punishment for crimes of grievous nature.For example snatching of chains or bags on road.It could be life-threatening in some cases but the punishment is not commensurate with the gravity of the crime.