International Anti-Corruption Day

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News: December 9 is observed as the International Anti-Corruption day

Facts:

About International Anti-Corruption Day

  •  Anti-corruption Day is celebrated annually since 2005 when the United Nations Convention against Corruption came into force. 
  • The day aims to raise awareness about corruption and of the role of Convention in fighting and preventing it.
  • The theme for 2019 Anti-Corruption Day is ‘United against Corruption’. It focuses on corruption as one of the biggest obstacles to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Further, a campaign called #YouthForJustice has been launched which focuses on mobilizing and empowering youth as a key for ensuring sustainable solutions to combating corruption.

Additional Information:

Sustainable Development Goal 16: Promote a just, peaceful and inclusive societies

  • SDG 16 is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building accountable institutions at all levels.
  • SDG 16.5 calls to substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.

United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)

  • It is the only legally binding universal anti-corruption instrument. It was adopted in 2003 and came into force in 2005.
  • It covers many different forms of corruption, such as bribery, trading in influence, abuse of functions, and various acts of corruption in the private sector.
  • The Convention covers five main areas: preventive measures, criminalization and law enforcement, international cooperation, asset recovery, and technical assistance and information exchange.
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) serves as Secretariat for the UNCAC
  • India is a party to the Convention.

About UNDP:

  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN’s global development network.
  • UNDP was established in 1965 by the General Assembly of the United Nations. It is headquartered in New York, US.
  • It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with the increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries.

About UNODC:

  • UNODC was established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.
  • UNODC is mandated to assist the Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.