International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

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News:India is expected to back Argentina’s nominee for the post of Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Facts:

About IAEA:

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) is widely known as the world’s Atoms for Peace and Development.It was established as an autonomous organization in 1957.
  • It seems to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
  • It is headquartered in Vienna,Austria.It has 171 member states with one vote per member.
  • Though established as an autonomous organisation,the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and the UN Security Council.
  • The IAEA and its former Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.

Mission:The IAEA is generally described as having three main missions:

  • Peaceful uses: Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states,
  • Safeguards: Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes, and
  • Nuclear safety: Promoting high standards for nuclear safety.