ISRO to launch an unprecedented 10 earth imaging satellites

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News: according to the latest annual report of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for 2019-20, ISRO will launch  10 earth observation (EO) satellites during 2020-21. 

Facts:

  1. GISAT-1: It is a Geo Imaging Satellite in Geostationary orbit with a high temporal resolution. is primarily meant for near real-time imaging of natural resources and disaster management.
  2. RISAT-2BR2: It is a high agility X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar-based satellite. It will provide all-weather, day/night imaging services from space.
  3. OCEANSAT-3: It will provide continuity of ocean colour data with improvements to continue and enhance operational services like potential fishery zone and primary productivity.
  4. RISAT-1A and 2A: They will provide continuity of service for RISAT-1 and RISAT-2 respectively.
  5. HRSAT: It will have a constellation of three satellites. Applications include large scale and cadastral level mapping, urban and rural planning, infrastructure development & monitoring, précising agriculture, disaster management, etc.
  6. RESOURCESAT-3/3A: The mission is envisaged to provide continuity of data service on an operational basis in the area of Land and Water resources management.
  7. RESOURCESAT-3S/3SA: These are planned to provide data services for earth resource monitoring with improved resolution and a wide swath.
  8. INSAT-3DS: It is designed for enhanced meteorological observations, monitoring of land and ocean surfaces, generating a vertical profile of the atmosphere for weather forecasting and disaster warning.
  9. Microsat-2A: It will meet demands for cartographic applications at cadastral level, urban and rural management, coastal land use and regulation, utility mapping, development and various other GIS applications.
  10. NISAR: It is being jointly developed by NASA & ISRO. The primary mission goals are: Global coverage of the earth’s biomass, cryosphere, for surface dynamics and coastal studies over a period of 3-5 years, Systematic coverage of global environment with 12 days repeat the cycle.