- The Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), has been declared as a banned terrorist organisation by the Indian government. It has been inserted in the First Schedule of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
- According to the home ministry, the JMB came into existence in 1998 with the objective of establishing a Caliphate through Jihad. It has committed and promoted acts of terrorism and has been engaged in radicalisation and recruitment of youths for terrorist activities in India. Further, it had been blamed for the terror attack at a cafe in Dhaka in 2016.
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 is a legislation to provide for the more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations and for dealing with terrorist activities. The Act defines unlawful activity as any action by an individual or association which is intended to bring about cession/secession or such action as to disrupt or question the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India.
- It was amended in 2004 to criminalise the raising of funds for a terrorist act, holding of the proceeds of terrorism, membership of a terrorist organisation, support to a terrorist organisation, and the raising of funds for a terrorist organisation.
- It was again amended in 2012 to comply with the guidelines of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The definition of “terrorist act” was expanded to include offences that threaten economic security, counterfeiting Indian currency, and procurement of weapons, etc.
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