- The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is investigating a sample from a man in Kerala who is suspected to be carrying the Nipah virus. Previously, in 2018, there was a Nipah outbreak in Kerala which claimed 17 lives in Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of the state.
- Nipah Virus is a zoonotic virus i.e. transmitted from animals to humans. It is a member of the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are the natural host of Nipah virus.
- It was first recognised in 1998-99 during an outbreak among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore.
- The virus can be transmitted to humans from animals (such as bats or pigs). It can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people.
- Nipah virus infection in humans causes asymptomatic infection, acute respiratory infection and fatal encephalitis. It has a high case fatality rate estimated to range between 40 and 75%.
- National Centre for Disease Control is an institute under the Indian Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It undertakes investigations of disease outbreaks across India. It also investigates and recommends control measures for the outbreak of various communicable diseases in the States/UTs in India.
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