Key Indicators of Household Social Consumption on Education in India NSS 75TH Round (JULY 2017- JUNE 2018)

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News: The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted a survey on Household Social Consumption: Education as part of 75th round of National Sample Survey (NSS).

Facts:

Key takeaways from the Survey

Literacy Rate: The literacy rate among persons of age 7 years and above was 77.7%. It was 73.5% in rural and 87.7% in the urban areas.

Levels of education:

  • Among persons of age 15 years and above, in rural areas, 30.6% had completed secondary or above level of education while in urban areas it was 57.5%.
  • Nearly 10.6 % of the persons of age 15 years and above in India had completed level of education graduate and above. This was 5.7% in rural and 21.7% in urban areas.

Enrolment:

  • Among persons of age 3 to 35 years, 13.6% never enrolled, 42.5% ever enrolled but currently not attending while 43.9% were currently attending.

‘Free education’: Nearly 57.0% of the students in rural and 23.4% in urban areas received free education.

Expenditure on education for students of age 3 to 35 years:

  •  In rural areas, the average expenditure per student pursuing a general course in the current academic year was Rs. 5,240 while in urban areas it was Rs. 16,308.
  • In rural areas, the average expenditure per student pursuing technical/professional course in the current academic year was Rs. 32,137 while in urban areas it was Rs. 64,763.

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

  • Nearly 4.4% of the rural households and 23.4% of the urban households had a computer.
  • Nearly 14.9% of the rural households and 42.0% of the urban households had internet facility.
  • In rural areas, among persons of age 5 years and above, only 9.9% were able to operate a computer in contrast to 32.4% in urban areas

Additional Information:

National Sample Survey (NSS)

  • It is a nation-wide, large-scale, continuous survey operation conducted in the form of successive rounds.
  • It was established in 1950 on the basis of a proposal from Professor P.C. Mahalanobis to fill up data gaps for socio-economic planning and policy-making through sample surveys.
  • Collection, processing, and publication of survey data is done by the NSSO. NSS is the largest repetitive survey operation in the world.

National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO):

  • The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) was established in 1970 through a resolution. It is part of the Statistics Wing of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, called the National Statistical Organisation (NSO).
  • The NSSO functions under the overall direction of a Steering Committee. The NSSO is headed by the Director General and Chief Executive Officer (DG&CEO), who is also the Member-Secretary of the Steering Committee
  • The NSSO carries out socio-economic surveys, undertakes fieldwork for the Annual Survey of Industries and follow-up surveys of Economic Census and sample checks on area enumeration and crop estimation surveys.

Schedule of NSSO Surveys in Ten Years Cycle:

  •  Consumer Expenditure and Employment & Unemployment: Twice
  • Social Consumption (health, education etc.): Twice
  • Unorganized Manufacturing: Twice
  • Services Sector: Twice
  • Land & Livestock holdings and Debt & Investment: Once