- A study published by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has found antibiotic resistant organisms in the digestive tracts of 2 out of every 3 healthy persons that it tested.
- The study was based on analysis of stool samples of 207 individuals who had not taken any antibiotic for at least a month and did not suffer from any chronic illness.
- The maximum resistance was seen for cephalosphorins (60%) and fluoroquinolones (41.5%). These are two commonly used antibiotics, the first is used for treating UTIs, skin or soft tissue infections and the latter for common bacterial infections.
- Such a high prevalence of antibiotic resistance among healthy people has pointed out a rapid spread of antibiotic resistance in the Indian population which is a cause of concern.
- Antibiotic resistance is a type of antimicrobial resistance. Anti-microbial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, fungi, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognises AMR as a serious threat to global public health.
- The two major causes of antibiotic resistance are: a) Inappropriate use of antibiotics, b) Rampant use of antibiotics in livestock and poultry animals.
5 min read