News:Government of India is planning to set up a National Coordination Center (NCC) that will function as a data bank of Maoists.
- The National Coordination Center (NCC) will act as a synergy point for anti – Maoist operations and intelligence gathering.
- It will create a strategy for security agencies to counter support received by the Maoist leaders.
- It will also control the sympathy gained or created by the Maoists in the social media.
- It will utilize knowledge of retired police officers who served in anti – Maoist operations in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Chattisgarh.
- The coordination center will also identify the sources of finance to the Maoists and work to neutralize the network.
- Maoism originated in China as a form of Communist theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong.
- It was widely applied as the political and military guiding ideology of the Communist Party of China till 1977-78.
- It emphasised the advancement of people’s social and economic life by establishing a classless society through armed revolution.
- Naxalism originated as a rebellion against lack of development and poverty at the local level in the rural parts of eastern India.
- The term ‘Naxal’ derives its name from a village called Naxalbari in the State of West Bengal where the movement had its origin under the leadership of Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal.
- The Naxals are considered far left radical communists who support Maoist political ideology.
- Their origin can be traced to the split that took place in the Communist Party of India (Marxist) in 1967. It led to the formation of Communist Party of India (Marxist and Leninist).
- Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal.Thereafter, it spread into Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.