National Health Profile 2019

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News: The 14th National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 has been released on 3oth October 2019.

Facts:

About National Health Profile (NHP)

  • It is an annual publication released by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI). The first NHP was released in 2005.
  • It covers all the major information on Demography, Socio-Economic Status, Disease Morbidity & Mortality, Healthcare Finance, Human Resources in Health and Healthcare Infrastructure.

Key takeaways from NHP 2019

  • Life Expectancy: According to the report, life expectancy in India increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. For the same period, the life expectancy for females is 70.2 years and 67.4 years for males.
  • Maternal, Neonatal, Nutritional Diseases and Other Communicable Diseases:
    • The disease burden due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases, as measured using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)), dropped from 61% to 33% between 1990 and 2016.
    • However, there is an accelerated rise in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable (NCD) diseases.
    • The disease burden due to non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancers, mental health disorders and injuries increased from 30% to 55% between 1990 and 2016.
    • Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) accounted for 69.47% of morbidity which was the highest in the communicable disease category leading to 27.21% mortality.
    • Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal reported a large number of patients and fatalities due to ARI.
  • Infant And Maternal Mortality Rate:
    • Infant Mortality Rate in India which was at 74 (per 1000 live births) in 1994 has declined considerably to 33 (Per 1000 live births) in 2017.
    • Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) has reduced by 77% from 556 per 1 Lakh live births in 1990 to 130 per 1 Lakh live births in 2016
  • Anaemia continues to remain a huge health concern: According to the report, over half the children between 6 and 59 months (58.4%) and women in the age group 15-49 are anaemic.
  • Doctor to Patient Ratio: There is only one allopathic government doctor for every 10,926 people in India against the WHO’s recommended doctor-population ratio of 1:1000.
  • Healthcare Spending: India’s public spending on healthcare continues to remain the lowest globally. As per the report, India’s public expenditure on health now stands at 1.28 per cent of the GDP.

Additional Information:

Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI):

  • It was established in 1961 by the Act of Parliament on the recommendation of Mudaliar committee.
  • It is the Health Intelligence Wing under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
  • Key Objectives:
    • To collect, analyse & disseminate Health Sector related data of India for evidence based policy decisions, planning and research activities.
    • To identify & disseminate innovative practices for Health Sector Reforms.
    • To function as collaborating centre (CC) for WHO Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC) in India & SEAR countries.