National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA)

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News:The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has red-flagged the Madhya Pradesh government’s move to increase tourism activities inside the state’s tiger reserves.

Facts:

About NTCA:

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Objectives of NTCA:

  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in the management of Tiger Reserves by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
  • Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
  • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

Powers and Functions of NTCA:

  • To approve the tiger conservation plan prepared by the State Government.
  • To evaluate and assess various aspects of sustainable ecology and disallow any ecologically unsustainable land use such as, mining, industry and other projects within the tiger reserves;
  • To provide for management focus and measures for addressing conflicts of  man and wild animals 
  • To provide information on protection measures including future conservation plan, estimation of population of tiger among others among others.