Third trip in works to bring back samples

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  1. According to experts, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) might collaborate with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for a third lunar mission- Chandrayaan 3
  2. Discussions about Chandrayaan 3 were first held between ISRO and JAXA at the Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum APRSAF-24- organised by ISRO in Bengaluru in 2017.
  3. APRSAF annual meetings are open fora for those who have interest in cooperation in the field of space activities in the Asia-Pacific region and are organised under four working groups namely ‘Space Applications’, ‘Space Technology’, ‘Space Environment Utilisation’ and ‘Space Education’.
  4. Recently, there is a widespread enthusiasm and commercial interest in several countries for moon missions.
  5. China has proposed its Chang’e 5 mission which will be China’s first sample return mission. It aims to come back with least 2 kg of lunar soil and rock samples back to the Earth.
  6. The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has outlined plans to send humans back to the moon by 2024 in a mission called ARTEMIS.
  7. Russia has announced Luna 26 mission which will consist of a Soyuz rocket to descend a lander that will engage in exploring the lunar surface
  8. Japan has announced SLIM (Smart Lander for Investigating Moon) mission.