- Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2019 aims at the social, economic and educational empowerment of transgender persons.
- Under the bill, transgender persons are defined as those “whose gender does not match the gender assigned to that person at birth and includes trans-men or trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons having socio-cultural identities”
- According to the bill, a person would have the right to choose to be identified as a man, woman or transgender, irrespective of sex reassignment surgery and hormonal therapy.
- It also requires transgender persons to go through a district magistrate and district screening committee to get certified as a transperson.
- It also states that the government, through an insurance scheme, will cover medical expenses for sex reassignment surgery, hormonal therapy, laser therapy or any such health related expenses of transgender persons
- The Bill prohibits any person or establishment from discriminating against a transgender person in any way.
- It has also proposed establishing a National Council for Transgender persons. The Council would advise the central government on related policies and legislation and also act as a centre for grievance redressal.
- Few of the provisions of the Bill has raised concerns among the transgender community. The features of the bill which have been criticised are:
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