News: The United Nations Security Council has unanimously passed a declaration proposed by Britain expressing support for the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons.
About Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons
- It aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons.
- It was signed in 1993 and came into force in 1997.
- It is administered by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), an intergovernmental organization based in the Hague, Netherlands.
- It has 193 member states including India. North Korea, Egypt and South Sudan have not signed it, while Israel has signed but not ratified the pact.
UN Security Council (UNSC):
- The United Nations Charter of 1945 established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. Other organs are UNGA, ECOSOC, Trusteeship Council, ICJ and UN secretariat.
- The Security Council consists of ten elected members and five permanent members who have veto power (P-5) – China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Russia.
- The ten non-permanent members are elected on a regional basis by the General Assembly, (from five areas- five from Asia and Africa, one from Eastern Europe, two from Latin America, two from Western Europe) to serve two year terms. The body’s presidency rotates among its members on a monthly basis.
- The decisions are taken by the affirmative vote of nine members and a concurring vote of P-5 who have the power to veto (or say no) any resolution.
- Maintaining international peace and security is one of the primary functions of the UNSC.
- To investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction.
- To recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement.
- To formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments
- It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
- It determines the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and recommends what action should be taken.
- It has the power to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression.
- It can suspend economic and diplomatic relations between countries, impose blockades, and can authorize collective military action.