What changes are being brought in medical education?

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  1. National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha.
  2. The National Medical Commission Bill 2019 proposes to repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
  3. If enacted, the current Medical Council of India (MCI) would be replaced by a National Medical Commission. The bill seeks to replace the MCI on the grounds that the Council was corrupt.
  4. Further, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare in its 92nd report (in 2016) reported that the process by which the MCI regulated medical colleges was flawed.
  5. The NMC Bill provides for the constitution of a 25-member NMC selected by a search committee, headed by the Cabinet Secretary.
  6. The Commission will have four autonomous boards: a) Undergraduate Medical Education Board, b) Post-Graduate Medical Education Board, c) Medical Assessment and Rating Board, and d) Ethics and Medical Registration Board.
  7. The commission also be responsible for regulating fees and all other charges for half the seats in private medical colleges and deemed universities.
  8. The bill proposes a common final year MBBS exam called National Exit Test (NEXT) to start medical practice. It will also be used for entrance into postgraduate medical courses, and act as a screening test for foreign medical graduates.
  9. The Bill also proposes to unify all entrance procedures for medical courses in the country.
  10. The Bill also puts a cap on fees on 50 per cent of seats in MBBS and PG colleges.