- The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has said that pre-monsoon rainfall from March to April, has recorded 27% deficiency from the Long Period Average (LPA)
- The highest deficiency of 38% was recorded in the northwest India division of the IMD. The north-west division comprises of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh.
- The second highest deficiency of 31% was recorded in the Southern peninsula division. It comprises of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telanagana, Goa, coastal Maharashtra and UT of Puducherry.
- East and northeast India division recorded 23% deficiency. The Central India division is the only one to have recorded more 5% rainfall than the normal. ‘Normal’ rainfall is when percentage departure of realised rainfall is within ± 10 % of the Long Period Average.
- The pre-monsoon rainfall is critical to agriculture in some parts of India. It is important for horticulture crops in some parts of India such as apple in forested regions in Himalayas. Further, crops like sugarcane and cotton, planted in central India, survive on irrigation, but also require supplement of pre-monsoon rains.
- Pre-monsoon rainfalls also helps in minimising the occurrence of forest fires.
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