Scientists at the Centre for Cellular &
Molecular Biology (CCMB) have discovered a new enzyme which helps in breaking
cell walls of bacteria. The study has been published in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences,
The discovery could help in providing new
antibiotic drugs to combat anti-bacterial resistance. Antibiotics are medicines
used to prevent and treat bacterial infections
Anti-bacterial resistance is a subset of
antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AMR is the ability of a microorganism (like
bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as
antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it.
Anti-bacterial resistance has become major
threat to global health. Infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea,
and salmonellosis have become harder to treat as standard antibiotics used to
treat them has become less effective.