Explained: What are Estrogen and progesterone?

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News:Men have appeared likelier than women to die of COVID-19.Trials by researchers in US will seek to find out whether the answer lies in two sex hormones in women-estrogen and progesterone.

Facts:

  • Estrogen and progesterone are the two main sex hormones that characterise a woman.
  • Estrogen:It helps women develop female physical features and also maintains her reproductive system.
  • Progesterone:It is secreted by a temporary endocrine gland that the body produces during the second half of the menstrual cycle and helps prepare the body for possible pregnancy after ovulation.
  • The male body too has estrogen and produces progesterone both in smaller amounts.