tiger census report, Status of Tigers in India, 2018 has been released. The
tiger census in India is conducted every four years.
first tiger census was conducted in 2006. The Tiger Census in India is the
world’s most extensive biodiversity mapping exercise. It is conducted by
National tiger Conservation Authority and Wildlife Institute of India.
census was carried out in four phases. Phases 1 and 2 covered forest beats,
generally spread over 15 sq km each, by Forest Departments, to collect signs of
tiger presence like scat and pugmarks.
was followed by sampling of plots along the transects to assess habitat
characteristics, human impact, and prey dung density.
phase 3, the information was plotted on the forest map prepared with
remote-sensing and GIS application. Sample areas were divided in 2-sq-km
parcels, and trap cameras were laid in these grids.
the last phase, data were extrapolated to areas where cameras could not be
tiger census is an important exercise. The tiger numbers reflect the success or
failure of conservation efforts.
2010, the governments of the world’s 13 tiger range countries put forward the
Global Tiger Recovery Plan. The plan outlines how each country could double the
number of tiger population in the country.
Plan was part of the ambitious species conservation goal called Tx2 set up by
the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF). The goals is to double the number of wild
tigers by 2022.
India constitutes 80% of global tiger population, conservation efforts in India
is particularly important for conserving the global tiger population.
has strengthened its Project Tiger programme, originally launched in 1973.
Apart from Tiger Reserves, there has been increased focus on tigers even in the
areas under the territorial and commercial forestry arms of Forest Departments.
Further, with increased vigilance India has
been successfully able to curb tiger poaching which has helped wild tigers to