News: Prime Minister has launched the platform called “Transparent Taxation – Honoring the Honest”.
- Aim: To bring transparency in income tax systems and empower taxpayers.
- Features: The main features of the platform are faceless assessment, faceless appeal and taxpayer charter.
- Faceless Assessment: It aims to eliminate the interface between the taxpayer and the income tax department.
- There will be no need for the taxpayer to visit the income tax office or the officer.
- The selection of a taxpayer is possible through systems using analytics and Artificial Intelligence.
- The system abolishes territorial jurisdiction.A taxpayer may belong to a particular city but the assessment order, review and the finalisation will take place in different cities.
- Faceless Appeal: Under the system, appeals will be randomly allotted to any officer in the country.The identity of the officer deciding the appeal will remain unknown.
- The taxpayer will also not be required to visit the income tax office or the officer and the appellate decision will be team-based and reviewed.
- Taxpayer Charter: This outlines the rights and responsibilities of both tax officers and taxpayers.
News: The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has released the ranking of states under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation(AMRUT) scheme.
- Odisha has continued to be the top performer in implementation of the AMRUT Scheme.It is followed by Chandigarh, Telangana, Gujarat and Karnataka.
- AMRUT Scheme: It was launched in 2015 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
- Aim: To ensure universal coverage of drinking water supply and substantial improvement in coverage and treatment capacities of sewerage and septage along with storm water drainage, non-motorized urban transport and green spaces & parks.
- Coverage: It covers 500 cities that includes all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities.
News: Indian Coast Guard(ICG) has launched an Offshore Patrol Vessel named ‘Sarthak’.
- Sarthak: It is an offshore Patrol Vessel(OPVs) designed and built indigenously by Goa Shipyard Limited.
- The ship is fitted with state-of-the-art Navigation and Communication equipment, sensor and machinery.
- Offshore patrol vessels(OPVs): These are patrolling vehicles which are deployed by Indian coast guards to patrol the maritime boundary of India.
News: According to the data collected by NASA’s Dawn spacecraft, dwarf planet Ceres reportedly has salty water underground.
- Ocean World: These findings have given Ceres the status of an ocean world as it has a big reservoir of salty water underneath its frigid surface.
- Subsurface Oceans on other Celestial Bodies: Jupiter’s moon Europa, Saturn’s moon Enceladus, Neptune’s moon Triton and the dwarf planet Pluto are also known to have Subsurface Oceans.
- Dwarf planet Ceres: It is the largest object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter and the only dwarf planet located in the inner solar system.
- It has a diameter of about 950 km which is more than one-fourth of Earth’s moon.
- It does not have any moon or rings.It also has a 92 km wide crater named Occator located in its northern hemisphere.
- Dwarf Planet: According to the International Astronomical Union, a dwarf planet is a celestial body that- orbits the sun, has enough mass to assume a nearly round shape, has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit and is not a moon.
- Dawn Spacecraft: It is a retired space probe launched by NASA in 2007 with the mission of studying two of the three known protoplanets of the asteroid belt, Vesta and Ceres.
News: Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy(MNRE) has put calls for proposals to the One Sun, One World, One Grid(OSOWOG) initiative on hold till further notice.
- One Sun, One World, One Grid(OSOWOG) initiative: It was proposed by India to build a global ecosystem of interconnected renewable energy resources that can be easily shared.
- Vision: The vision behind the initiative is ‘The Sun Never Sets’ and is a constant at some geographical location, globally, at any given point of time.
- Aim: To build global consensus about sharing solar resources among more than 140 countries of West Asia and South-East Asia.At a later stage, the project envisages getting this grid interconnected with the African power pools.
- Phases: The initiative is planned to be completed in three phases:
- Phase I (Middle East-South Asia-Southeast Asia(MESASEA) interconnection.
- Phase II (Solar and other Renewable Energy resources rich regions’ interconnection).
- Phase III (Global interconnection).
- Significance: An interconnected grid would help all the participating entities in attracting investments in renewable energy sources as well as utilize skills, technology and finances.
News: Israel has successfully tested the Arrow 2 missile.
- Arrow 2: It is an advanced missile defence system developed jointly by the U.S and Israel for defence against both short and mid-range rockets fired from Gaza and Lebanon as well as Iran’s long-range missiles.
- Iron Dome: It is a mobile all-weather air defence system developed by Israel to intercept and destroy short-range rockets and artillery shells fired from short distances.
News: Union Defence Minister has launched the Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation(NIIO).
- NIIO: It is a three-tiered organisation that aims to help end-users interact with academia and industry towards fostering innovation and indigenisation for self-reliance in defence.
- Three Tier Structure:
- Naval Technology Acceleration Council(N-TAC): It will bring together the twin aspects of innovation and indigenisation and provide apex level directives.
- Working group: It will work under the N-TAC to implement the projects.
- Technology Development Acceleration Cell(TDAC): It has been created for induction of emerging disruptive technology in an accelerated time frame.
- A compendium of Indian Navy’s Indigenisation perspective plans titled ‘SWAVLAMBAN’ was also released by the Defence Minister.
News: India has announced a slew of connectivity measures for the Maldives in an effort to help Maldives deal with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Greater Male Connectivity Project: It is a 6.7 kilometre bridge project connecting Male with Gulhifalhu Port and Thilafushi industrial zone that will help revitalise and transform Maldivian economy.
- India will provide a $400 million Line of Credit and $100 million grant for the project.
- Cargo Ferry Service: A regular cargo ferry service between India and Maldives will be started to boost trade and commerce.
- Air Travel Bubble: India is starting an air connectivity “bubble” for travel with Maldives to sustain and promote the people-to-people ties between the two countries.
- Submarine Cable: It is a communication cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea.India will lay down a submarine cable for telecom connectivity in Maldives.