Factly articles for 30th September 2020

10 min read
  1. NCRB data: 7% rise in crimes against women

News: National Crime Record Bureau has released “Crime in India” 2019 report

Facts:

Crime Against Women:

  • Crimes against women increased 7.3% from 2018 to 2019.
  • The crime rate registered per lakh women population is 62.4 in 2019 in comparison with 58.8 in 2018
  • Majority of cases under crime against women under IPC were registered under ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives’ (30.9%), followed by ‘assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty’ (21.8%), ‘kidnapping & abduction of women’ (17.9%) and ‘rape’ (7.9%).
  • UP reported the highest number of crimes against women (59,853), accounting for 14.7 per cent of such cases across India.

Crime Against Scheduled Castes:

  • Crimes against Scheduled Castes increased 7.3% from 2018 to 2019.
  • UP reported the most cases against Scheduled Castes – 11,829 cases, accounting for 25.8% of the cases across India.

2. Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launches Defence India Startup Challenge-4

News: Ministry of Defence launched the Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC 4) during the iDEX event. iDEX4Fauji initiative and Product Management Approach (PMA) guidelines were also launched.

Facts:

iDEX4Fauji: It is a first of its kind initiative, launched to support innovations identified by members of the Indian Armed Forces and will bolster frugal innovation ideas from soldiers/ field formations.

Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX):

  • It is an initiative of the Department of Defence Production, launched in 2018.
  • It is aimed at creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace
  • The initiatives are executed by Defence Innovation Organisation, a Section 8 company of DPSUs BEL and HAL.

Defence India Startup Challenge:

  • It is an initiative by the Defence Innovation Organization in partnership with Atal Innovation Mission.
  • It aims at supporting Start-ups/MSMEs/Innovators to create prototypes and/or commercialize products/solutions in the area of National Defence and Security.

3. NSS REPORT: TIME USE IN INDIA- 2019

News: Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released report on Time Use survey conducted by the NSSO.

Facts:

Time Use Survey: It provides a framework for measuring time dispositions by the population on different activities. The primary objective is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.

Key Takeaways:

  • Only 38.2% of the population participates in “employment and other related activities”, spending 429 minutes (7 hours and 9 minutes) on an average each day.
  • There is a wide gender disparity, with only 18.4% women participating in employment activities compared with 57.3% men.
  • Women participation in unpaid domestic services for household members – cooking, cleaning, household management – is as high as 81.2% each day compared with 26.1% for men.
  • Only 14% of men participate in unpaid care giving services for household members, while 27.6% of women participate in such work, spending more than 2 hrs in such care-giving.

4. PM inaugurates Six Major Projects in Uttarakhand to make River Ganga Nirmal and Aviral

News: PM inaugurated 6 mega development projects in Uttarakhand under the Namami Gange Mission.

Facts:

  • Ganga Avalokan Museum, the first of its kind on the River Ganga at Haridwar, was also inaugurated.
  • The new logo for the Jal Jeevan Mission was released.
  • ‘Margadarshika for Gram Panchayats and Paani Samitis under Jal Jeevan Mission’ (Guidelines for the Village Panchayats and Water Committees) was unveiled.

Additional Information:

  • Namami Gange: Itwas launched in 2014.It is an Integrated Conservation Mission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
    • Aim: To achieve effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
    • Main Pillars: a) Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure b) River surface Cleaning c) Afforestation d) Industrial Effluent Monitoring, e) River-Front Development f) Biodiversity g) Ganga Gram and h) Public Awareness.
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG): It has been established as an Authority under National Council for River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Act, 2016.
    • It is the implementing agency of the Namami Gange Programme at the national level.

5. Explained: What the delay in RBI panel meet means

News: The government is yet to appoint three new members of the RBI’s Monetary Policy Committee. This has delayed bi-monthly meeting which was scheduled for September 29 to October 1.

Facts:

  • The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a committee of the Reserve Bank of India. The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (RBI Act) was amended by the Finance Act, 2016, to provide for a statutory and institutionalized framework for a Monetary Policy Committee.
  • Composition: It consists of six members with three nominated by the Union government and three representing the RBI. It is headed by the RBI Governor.
  • Mandate: MPC fixes the key policy interest rate and monetary policy stance of the country as well as the inflation target. It is mandated by law to ensure that retail inflation stays within a band of two percentage points of the target inflation rate of 4%.

6. Hardening stance, China rejects Ladakh UT, raises 1959 claim line

News: China said it does not recognise the Union Territory of Ladakh and is opposed to the construction of Indian infrastructure there.

Facts:

India- China Border Dispute:

The border dispute can be grouped into three different sectors: The Eastern, Central and Western.

Eastern Sector:

  • The disputed boundary in the Eastern Sector of the India-China border is over the McMahon Line. It was formerly referred to as the North East Frontier Agency and is now called Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It is the largest disputed area covering around 90000 sq. km. It was occupied by China during the 1962 war but later withdrew beyond the International boundary represented by McMahon line.

Middle Sector: The states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand shares border with Tibet (China). India and China do not have much disagreement over border in this area.

Western Sector:

  • In this sector, India shares about 2152 km long border with China. It is between Jammu and Kashmir and Xinjiang Province of China.
  • The dispute pertains to Johnson line and McDonald Line. The Johnson’s line (proposed in 1865) shows Aksai Chin in Jammu and Kashmir i.e. under India’s control whereas McDonald Line (proposed in 1893) places it under China’s control.
  • Currently, Line of Actual Control (LAC) separates Indian areas of Jammu and Kashmir from Aksai Chin.
India-China Border Disputes - IAS4Sure