Gaur back in Valmiki Reserve after increase in grassland cover

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News:According to a report,Gaur (Bos Gaurus) has returned to Bihar’s Valmiki Tiger Reserve(VTR) due to an increase in grassland cover.

Facts:

About Gaur(Indian Bison):

  • The gaur also called the Indian bison is the largest extant bovine.It is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.
  • The local names of the Gaur are a) Seladang — Malaysia b) Pyoung — Myanmar and c) Gayal or mithun — domesticated form of gaur.
  • It is the State animal of Goa.
  • Listed as Vulnerable under IUCN Red List.
  • CITES- Appendix I
  • Threats: a) Hunting for consumption b) Loss of suitable habitat and c) contract diseases transmitted by domestic cattle.

Additional information:

About Valmiki Tiger Reserve:

  • Valmiki National Park, Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary is located at the India-Nepal border in the West Champaran district of Bihar on the bank of river Gandak.
  • It is the only National park and Tiger Reserve of Bihar.