- At the recent G20 Ministerial Meeting on ‘Energy Transitions and Global Environment for Sustainable Growth’, held in Japan, India’s Power and New and Renewable Energy Minister, RK Singh, has said that India is moving towards achieving its targets to fulfil its commitment made in Paris agreement.
- He has also highlighted various energy efficiency programmes such as through Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) Scheme, UJALA scheme, Standard and Labelling and Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) being undertaken by the Govt. of India.
- The Paris agreement (2015) is an international agreement with the framework of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It seeks to combat climate change and accelerate the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future.
- The Paris agreement aims to a) keep global temperature rise in 21st century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and b) pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius
- As a commitment to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, nations have to put forward national climate actions they intend to take to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These are called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).
- India’s INDCs include a) reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level, b)increase total cumulative electricity generation from fossil free energy sources to 40% by 2030, c) create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons through additional forest and tree cover.
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