Stress Index, formulated by London-based risk analytics firm Verisk Maplecroft,
has listed India as the 46th highest risk country in the world.
to the index, 11 of India’s 20 largest cities face an ‘extreme risk’ of water
stress and seven are in the ‘high risk’ category. Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru,
Hyderabad, Nashik, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Indore are among the cities facing
to the study, Bengaluru and Surat are experiencing the greatest surge in demand
for water and are most at risk of facing scarcity. Further, Chennai and Delhi
are also extremely vulnerable.
index measured the water consumption rates of households, industries and farm
sectors and the available resources in rivers, lakes and streams. It then
plotted the index with projected population growth trends to rank the cities
facing the biggest threat to their water resources.
India is rated ‘high risk’ in the Climate Change Vulnerability Index. It
indicates that effects of climate change like an ‘extended dry season’ would deteriorate
water stress situation in Indian cities.
The study has noted that many Indian cities are projected to experience
a higher number of consecutive drought days when precipitation is less than 1