International protection for Great Indian Bustard, Bengal Florican and Asian Elephant

News: Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican have been classified as “endangered migratory species” by UN’s Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species


Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) or the Bonn Convention

  • It is an intergovernmental treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). It acts as a framework convention and encourages its States Parties to conclude global or regional agreements.
  • It was signed in 1979 in Bonn, Germany, and entered into force in 1983
  • Aim: conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats
  • It is the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.

Appendices of CMS:

  • Appendix I – Threatened Migratory Species
  • Appendix II – Migratory Species requiring international cooperation

Parties to the Convention: 129 parties including India

About Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant, and Bengal Florican

SpeciesIUCN StatusWildlife (Protection) Act StatusNote
Great Indian BustardCritically EndangeredSchedule I
Asian ElephantEndangeredSchedule IGoI declared Indian elephant as National Heritage Animal
Bengal FloricanCritically EndangeredSchedule I