A new species of jumping spiders has been spotted
in Illithodu forests, Kerala.
An analysis of the spiders has revealed that
they belong to the genus Habrocestum. Species of the genus Habrocestum has been
recorded mostly in Eurasia and Africa. It is the first time that species
belonging to this genus has been found in India.
Comparisons with European Habrocestum spiders has
revealed that the spiders found Illithodu forest are a new species altogether.
This is because they have distinctly different reproductive organs.
The spider species has a single long spine on
the underside of both its first legs. It has thus been named Habrocestum
longispinum (after Latin ‘longe’ meaning long and ‘spinae’ for spine).