NASA’s ‘twins study’ highlights effects of spaceflight on body

  1. NASA has recently announced the findings of “Twins Study”. The study has been published in the journal Science.
  2. The NASA’s Twin Study is a comprehensive review of the response of the human body to spaceflight. The study was conducted on two identical twins, one of whom spent one year in low-Earth orbit aboard the International Space Station while the other remained on earth. The study was conducted from 2015-2016.
  3. The Twins Study has demonstrated the resilience and robustness of how a human body can adapt to a multitude of changes induced by the spaceflight environment. It has revealed that long-term space missions are likely to cause major changes to astronauts’ metabolisms, genetics and cognitive performance.
  4. The Twin Study is a significant step and will help guide future biomedical space research. Further, it could also provide important insights for NASA’s 2020 mission to Mars, a mission that is expected to last two to three years.