India’s proposal to upgrade the protection of
star tortoises, the smooth-coated otter and small-clawed otters in CITES (Convention
on International Trade in Endangered Species on Wild Fauna and Flora) have been
approved. These species have been listed under Appendix I of CITES. There will be a complete international ban
enforced on their trade.
The decision was taken at the ongoing CoP 18 of
CITES being held in Geneva, Switzerland.
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement
between governments. It aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of
wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
CITES was drafted after a resolution was adopted
at a meeting of the members of the International Union for Conservation of
Nature (IUCN) in 1963. The text of the Convention was agreed at a meeting in
Washington, DC in 1973; the Convention. The Convention is therefore sometimes
referred to as the Washington Convention. CITES entered into force in 1975. At
present it has 183 countries.
Appendix I includes species threatened with
extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in
Appendix II includes species not necessarily
threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to
avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
Appendix III contains species that are protected
in at least one country, which has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in
controlling the trade.
Indian Star Tortoise Smooth-coated Otter and
small clawed otter are listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red list.