scaly-foot snail or Sea Pangolin is the first marine species to be assessed as
officially endangered due to the potential threat of deep sea mining.
scaly foot snail is found at three hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean, east
of Madagascar. The three vents include Longqi vent field, Kairei vent field and
the Solitaire vent
International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed it as ‘Endangered’ in
the Red List.
mining is the process which involves extracting submerged minerals and resources
from the sea floor, either by dredging sand or lifting material in any other
The International Seabed Authority, an
autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea, is currently formulating guidelines on how to
conduct sea-bed mining.
are growing concerns among environmentalists that seabed mining would harm
marine organisms, disrupt marine ecosystem, thereby impact the rich
biodiversity of oceans