Assam Sanmilita Mahasangha (ASM), which is an
umbrella organisation of several indigenous ethnic organisations, has said that
National Register of Citizens (NRC) cannot protect the indigenous people of the
State if 1971 remains the base year for identifying foreigners.
The organization had challenged the
constitutional validity of March 25, 1971 as the base year for identifying
foreigners. It has demanded that 1951 be set as the base year for determining
Citizenship Act, 1955- dealing with acquisition
and loss of citizenship in India- was amended in 1985 to incorporate Section
6A. This section fixes March 25, 1971 as the cut-off date for granting
citizenship to Bangladeshi migrants in Assam. This was one in accordance to the
Assam accord. While for rest of India the date of detection and deportation of
foreigners in 1951.
Assam Accord is a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS)
signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of
the Assam Movement- a movement against illegal immigrants in Assam.
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a
register which contains the name of all citizens of India residing in Assam. The
process of NRC update in Assam has been taken up as per a Supreme Court order
in 2013. The deadline of submitting the final NRC is August 31st.