News: The report titled “State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World” has been released.
- The report is jointly produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Children’s Fund(UNICEF), UN World Food Programme(WFP) and World Health Organization(WHO).
- Aim: To produce most authoritative global study on the progress towards ending hunger and malnutrition.
- Undernourishment: The number of undernourishment people in India declined from 21.7% in 2004-06 to 14% in 2017-19,
- Asia remains home to the greatest number of undernourished people followed by Africa, Latin America and Caribbean.
- Stunting: The prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years of age in India declined from 47.8% in 2012 to 34.7% in 2019.
- Obesity: The number of adults (18 years and older) who are obese grew from 3.1% in 2012 to 3.9% in 2016.
- Anaemia among women: The number of women of reproductive age (15–49) affected by anaemia grew from 165.6 million in 2012 to 175.6 million in 2016.
- SDG 2: The world is not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of ‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030.
Note: Stunting- low height for age, Wasting- low weight compared to height, Underweight- low weight for age, Malnutrition includes both under and over nutrition and Anaemia-Lack of Healthy Red blood cells.