Rajasthan government has introduced Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill,
2019, and the Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of
Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019.
Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019 seeks to protect the constitutional rights
of vulnerable persons and punish the acts of lynching through trial in the
designated courts, besides rehabilitating the victims and their families.
Bill provides for life imprisonment and fine up to ₹5 lakh for the offence of
lynching. It also provides for appointment of a nodal officer of the rank of
Inspector-General of Police to prevent lynchings and establishment of relief
camps in safe zones for the victims.
bill defines lynching as an act of violence, whether spontaneous or planned, by
a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language,
dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity.
Supreme Court in 2018 in the case of Tehseen S. Poonawalla vs. Union of India had
recommended the central government to enact a legislation to create a separate
offence for lynching
Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances
in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019 provides for death penalty or
life sentence and fine up to ₹5 lakh for killing a couple or either of them on
the basis that their marriage had dishonoured or brought disrepute to the
caste, community or family