Biodiversity management committees(BMC)

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News:The National Biodiversity Authority(NBA) has told the National Green Tribunal(NGT) that it has created around 2.4 lakh biodiversity management committees(BMC) as of January 2020.

Facts:

About Biodiversity management committees(BMC):

  • The Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) are statutory bodies that are formed by the local bodies under Biological Diversity Act 2002.

Composition:

  • The BMC consists of a Chairperson and six persons nominated by local bodies, including 1/3rd women and 18% SC/ST.

Functions:

  • Prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with the local people. 
  • Conservation and sustainable utilization of biological resources.
  • Advice on any matter referred to it by the State Biodiversity Board or Authority for granting approval.
  • Biodiversity education and awareness building.
  • Maintain a Register giving information about the details of access to biological resources and related traditional knowledge among others.

Additional information:

About Biological Diversity Act,2002:

  • The Biological Diversity Act,2002 is an Act of the Parliament for preservation of biological diversity in India.
  • It provides for a mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge.
  • The Act was enacted to meet the obligations under Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD) to which India is a part in 2002.