Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB)

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News:According to CPCB, there are 128 sites in India contaminated by toxic and hazardous substances.Among States, West Bengal tops the list with 27 sites followed by Odisha at 23.

Facts:

About CPCB:

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is a statutory organisation, constituted in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. 
  • It is the apex organisation in the country in the field of pollution control as a technical wing of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • It is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981.
  • The functions of CPCB includes a) promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution and b) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country..