Conservation centres in 5 states among host of ideas to protect vultures

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News: National Board for Wildlife(NBWL) has approved an Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025.

Facts:

Key Highlights of the Plan:

  • Vulture Conservation centre: Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu will get a vulture conservation and breeding centre each.
  • Vulture Safe zone: Establishment of at least one vulture-safe zone in each state for the conservation of the remnant populations in that state. 
  • Rescue Centres: Establishment of four rescue centres, in Pinjore (Haryana), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Guwahati (Assam) and Hyderabad (Telangana). There are currently no dedicated rescue centres for treating vultures. 
  • Toxic Drugs: A system to automatically remove a drug from veterinary use if it is found to be toxic to vultures with the help of the Drugs Controller General of India.
  • Vultures Census: Coordinated nation-wide vulture counting involving forest departments, the Bombay Natural History Society, research institutes, nonprofits and members of the public.This would be for getting a more accurate estimate of the size of vulture populations in the country.
  • Database on Threats to Vulture: A database on emerging threats to vulture conservation including collision and electrocution, unintentional poisoning.

Additional Facts:

  • Vultures in India: Out of 23 species of vultures in the world, nine are found in India. These include:
    • White rumped vulture (Critically Endangered)
    • Slender billed vulture (Critically Endangered)
    • Long billed vulture (Critically Endangered)
    • Red headed vulture (Critically Endangered)
    • Egyptian vulture (Endangered)
    • Himalayan Griffon (Near Threatened)
    • Cinereous vulture (Near Threatened)
    • Bearded vulture (Near Threatened)
    • Griffon Vulture (Least Concern).