News: The European Union (EU) has approved a resolution declaring a climate and environmental emergency in Europe and globally. It has thus become the first multilateral bloc to declare a climate emergency.
- Climate emergency is a call for governments across the world to change their behaviour towards the climate and biodiversity.
- EU Resolution on Climate emergency calls for EU to reduce emissions by 55% by 2030 to become climate neutral by 2050.
- It calls to reduce global emissions from shipping and aviation.
- It states that EU countries should at least double their contributions to the international Green Climate Fund.
- It urgently calls on all EU countries to phase out all direct and indirect fossil fuel subsidies by 2020.
- The UK is the first national government to declare such an emergency. Ireland became the second country to declare climate emergency. Canada and Bangladesh has also declared climate emergency
- European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of comprising 28 European countries
- The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993.
- The primary goals of the European Union are:
o promote peace, its values and the well-being of its citizens
o offer freedom, security and justice without internal borders
o sustainable development based on balanced economic growth and price stability,
o a highly competitive market economy with full employment and social progress, and environmental protection
- In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advancing the causes of peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.