Explained: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan are at loggerheads over Nagorno-Karabakh

News: The territorial dispute and ethnic conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh region have erupted again.


  • Nagorno-karabakh(Artsakh): It is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus within the mountainous range of Karabakh.
  • Dispute: Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed territory internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but mostly governed by the Republic of Artsakh, de facto independent state with an Armenian ethnic majority backed by neighbouring Armenia.