Explained:What is floor test

2 min read

News:Recently,the Madhya Pradesh Governor has ordered a floor test in the state Assembly to allow the State Government to prove its majority.

Facts:

About Floor Test:

  • A floor test is primarily taken to know whether the executive enjoys the confidence of the legislature. 
  • It is a constitutional mechanism under which a Chief Minister appointed by the Governor can be asked to prove majority on the floor of the Legislative Assembly of the state.

About Composite Floor Test:

  • It is conducted only when more than one person stakes claim to form the government and the majority is not clear.During this time,the governor calls for a special session to see who has the majority. 
  • The majority is then counted based on those present and voting.This can be done through a voice vote or through division vote.
  • The person who has the majority will form the government.In case of tie, the speaker can also cast his vote.