Great Indian Bustard

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News: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has asked the Centre to prepare a time-bound action plan within two months for protection of the Great Indian Bustards.

Facts:

About Great Indian Bustard:

  • Features:
    • It is one of the heaviest flying birds (weighing up to 15kgs).
    • It can be distinguished by its black crown on the forehead contrasting with the pale neck and head.
  • Habitat:
    • It is endemic to the Indian subcontinent.
    • It is found in Rajasthan (Desert National park), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in India and parts of Pakistan
  • Major Threats:
    • mortality by collision with infrastructure, particularly power lines and wind turbines,
    • depletion of grasslands,
    • hunting,
    • development of mines and human habitation in and around their habitats
    • Ingestion of pesticides.
  • Conservation Status:
    • Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List
    • Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972
    • Listed in Appendix I of CITES
  • Conservation Measures
    • Project Great Indian Bustard: It is a Rajasthan government project launched in 2018. It envisages constituting enclosures and securing inviolate areas to ensure successful breeding of birds in the Desert National Park.
    • Bustard Recovery Programme: Initiated by Union Environment Ministry in 2017, it is a programme for Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican and Bengal Florican

Additional Information:

National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  • The National Green Tribunal is a statutory body which was established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. T
  • he responsibility of the tribunal is to work on the disposal of cases related to environmental protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources