Gujarat: 10,000 cameras to be used for 2020 lion census

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News: The Asiatic Lion Census is scheduled to take place in May 2020

Facts:

  • The Gujarat forest department conducts lion census every five years in Asiatic Lion Landscape, which includes Gir National Park and Sanctuary.

About Asiatic Lion

  •  It is listed as ‘Endangered’ under the IUCN Red List.
  • It is listed in Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  • The only surviving free-ranging population of the Asiatic lion exists in the Gir forest, Gujarat.
  • According to the 2015 Lion Census, there are 523 Asiatic Lions.

Note: The African Lion is listed as Vulnerable under the IUCN Red List.

Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary:

  •  It is situated in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. The Gir National park was established in 1965.
  • It is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests Ecoregion
  • The major perennial rivers of the Gir region are Hiran, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Godavari and Raval.

Additional Information:

‘Asiatic Lion Conservation Project’

  •  Launched by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, it aims to protect and conserve the Asiatic Lion.
  • It is a 3 year-long conservation project. It focuses on

o   disease management,

o   habitat improvement and eco-development,

o   robust wildlife health service with a dedicated veterinary institute,

o   addressing to man-wild animal conflict issues,

o   voluntary relocation of Protect Area inhabitants ( Maldhari tribe),

o   monitoring and tracking of animals,o   creating a wildlife crime cell