The Rajasthan government has passed the Rajasthan
Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019.
The Madhya Pradesh government has also introduced
a Bill that seeks to curb cow vigilantism and mob lynching.
State Law Commission in Uttar Pradesh has
drafted the UP Combating of Mob Lynching Bill, 2019, and submitted it to Chief
These developments follow 2018 Supreme Court
verdict in the case of Tehseen S. Poonawalla vs. Union of India where SC had
recommended the central government should enact a legislation to create a
separate offence for lynching
Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019 makes
mob lynching a cognisable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offence.
It defines lynching as an act of violence,
whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race,
caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation,
political affiliation and ethnicity.
It provides for life imprisonment and a fine of
up to Rs 5 lakh to convicts in cases of mob lynching involving the victim’s
It also provides for appointment of a nodal
officer of the rank of Inspector-General of Police to prevent lynching and
establishment of relief camps in safe zones for the victims.
The Madhya Pradesh bill seeks to amend the
Madhya Pradesh Govansh Vadh Pratishedh Act, 2004. It proposes a minimum jail
term of six months that may be extended to one year for cow vigilantism and
lynching. The minimum fine is Rs 5,000 and the maximum Rs 50,000.
It also seeks to insert a provision which will specify
who issues the transit permit of cow progeny, which will be pasted prominently
on the vehicle.